Capitals of English Speaking Countires
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There are many countries in the world where people speak
English and this language is one of the official languages. The largest and
most important of them are the United Kingdom, the United States of America,
Canada, Australia, New Zealand. The capitals of these countries are beautiful
and interesting, and I would like to tell a little about every of them.
The capital of the United Kingdom is London. It is a very
old and big city. London is situated at mouth of the Thames-river. It consists
of several main districts, and also includes numerous suburbs. The main
districts had formed during the long life of the city. For example, the City is
the center of business life, or the Westminster where the Queen lives, or
West-End, East-End and Cheap-Side… Names of all these districts are well-known in
the world due to English literature.
There are many historic buildings, various museums,
galleries, and other places of interest in London. The Tower is a world-famous
symbol of London, it is more than 900 years old. Westminster Abbey was the
coronation place for almost all English Kings and Queens. The Houses of
Parliament, actually the seat of the British Parliament, has two towers one of
which is the Clock Tower, or Big Ben - a famous London landmark. The
world-famous Natural History Museum is known for its beautiful galleries and
expositions. The National Gallery’s permanent collection includes Western
Washington, the capital of the USA is located on the north
bank of the Potomac River. Actually, the city of Washington with its suburbs
represents a whole state of America – District of Columbia. Washington was
founded in 1791 and named in honour of the first president of the USA, George
Washington. It is one of the most unusual cities in the USA. And it is very
beautiful, of course.
There is not much industry it the city. And – what is more
interesting - no building in the city may be more than 40 metres tall. One can
observe the city from a high point easily. The highest building in Washington
is the Capitol, the seat of the American Congress. The White House is the
residence of every president of the United States. The Pentagon, located in the
suburb of Arlington, is the headquarters of the military department of the USA.
There are two universities in Washington, the Museum for
Aeronautics and Cosmonautics, the National Art Gallery, the Cultural Center in
Memory of John Kennedy and various libraries and laboratories. Washington is a
large international traffic centre too.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa. It was founded in 1827 and
called then Baytown. Later it was renamed to Ottawa because it stands a the
river with this name. Ottawa became the capital of Canada in 1867. There is an
international airport here, two universities (for English speaking and French
speaking students). The National Gallery, the National Museum, the National
Centre of Arts are situated in the capital of Canada too. The parliament of
Canada is also situated in Ottawa.
Ottawa is called the Tulip City, because every spring
thousands of tulips come to the city from the Netherlands. This is a regular
present from the Queen of Netherlands Juliana, who stayed in Canada during
World War II. She wanted to thank the Canadian people for the time she spent in
Canberra is the capital of Australia. It is not the biggest
city with the population only of 280,000 people. Many cities in Australia are
much larger, for example Sydney where 3.5 million people live. But Canberra is
very beautiful. It was built in 1913 by architect Griffin and was planned as a
capital. And in 1927 Canberra became the capital of Australia. There is a
university and an international airport in this city.
Wellington was founded in 1840 and became the capital of New
Zealand in 1865. Wellington is also a small city, where about 150,000 people
live. It is situated in the south of the main Northern island and this the
central point of New Zealand. There are industrial and other enterprises in the
city, an university, the Academy of Fine Arts, galleries and museums, an
observatory. A place of interest is also a cathedral in the neo-gothic style
built in the middle of the 20th century. Wellington is known for its numerous
bridges, tunnels, viaducts and winding streets.
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