Big cities and places of interest in Russia
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I live in Russia and I love my native
country. I'd like to tell a little about its big cities and places of interest.
The biggest city is Moscow, the capital of Russia. This is
one of the biggest cities of the world where about 10 million people live.
Moscow is located in the middle of the European part of Russia. Moscow was
called after the Moskva-river which flows through the city.
The first written mention of Moscow dates back to 1147, this
year is considered to be the foundation year of Moscow. At those times Moscow
was only a small settlement, but it developed very fast. In the 14th century it
was already 10 times bigger than 200 years earlier.
The Russian capital is known all over the world for its
architectural monuments, as well as for other places of interest - for example,
the Bolschoi-Theater, the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum.
Moscow is also the Russian center of science and education.
There are lots of universities, libraries, laboratories and schools here. Many
young people from all regions of Russia, as well as foreigners study at the
Moscow State University.
In 1712 the capital was transferred to St. Petersburg. Only
after the revolution in 1917 Moscow became the capital of Russia again, or the
USSR. Since that time it was very much enlarged.
St. Petersburg, the so-called second capital of Russia, is
one of the nicest cities of the world. Peter the First founded St. Petersburg
at the beginning of 18th century as a new capital of the Russian Empire. And
since 1712 till 1917 St. Petersburg was really the capital where the Zar's
family lived and all State institutions were accommodated.
Straight streets, spacious places and parks, rivers and
numerous canals, embankments and bridges create the unique appearance of the
second Russian capital. Famous museums and theaters like the Hermitage, the
Peterhof, the Russian Museum, the Mariinski-Theater are attractive for millions
of tourists from all over the world. Majestic architectural ensembles of the
18-19th centuries are unforgettable: the Peter-und-Paul-Fortress, the Smolny
Institute, the Alexander-Nevski-Monastery, the Winter Palace and others.
There are many other big cities and places in Russia that
very interesting and worth of visiting.
The Trinity Monastery of Sergiy is the biggest Russian
cloister and is situated in the town of Sergiev Possad, not far from Moscow.
The cloister was founded by Saint Sergiy of Radonezh in middle of the 14th
century. The architectural ensemble consists of beautiful monuments which date
back to the 15-19th centuries.
Baikal is of the biggest lakes of our planet. It is the also
the oldest (about 25 million years old), and the deepest (1,637 meters) lake in
the world. Baikal has the most various flora and fauna, if we speak of
fresh-water reservoirs of the Earth. And, in addition, the volume and the
quality of the supply of fresh waters are also unique in Baikal: there are about
24 thousand cubic kilometers of waters that amounts more than 20 per cent of
the total world supplies.
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